China facts, information, pictures Encyclopedia. China. LOCATION, SIZE, AND EXTENTTOPOGRAPHYCLIMATEFLORA AND FAUNAENVIRONMENTPOPULATIONMIGRATIONETHNIC GROUPSLANGUAGESRELIGIONSTRANSPORTATIONHISTORYGOVERNMENTPOLITICAL PARTIESLOCAL GOVERNMENTJUDICIAL SYSTEMARMED FORCESINTERNATIONAL COOPERATIONECONOMYINCOMELABORAGRICULTUREANIMAL HUSBANDRYFISHINGFORESTRYMININGENERGY AND POWERINDUSTRYSCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGYDOMESTIC TRADEFOREIGN TRADEBALANCE OF PAYMENTSBANKING AND SECURITIESINSURANCEPUBLIC FINANCETAXATIONCUSTOMS AND DUTIESFOREIGN INVESTMENTECONOMIC DEVELOPMENTSOCIAL DEVELOPMENTHEALTHHOUSINGEDUCATIONLIBRARIES AND MUSEUMSMEDIAORGANIZATIONSTOURISM, TRAVEL, AND RECREATIONFAMOUS CHINESEDEPENDENCIESMACAUBIBLIOGRAPHYPeoples Republic of China. EsQz6pcc0/hqdefault.jpg' alt='Two Wheeler Repairing Training Courses' title='Two Wheeler Repairing Training Courses' />Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo. CAPITAL Beijing PekingFLAG The flag is red with five gold stars in the upper left quadrant one large star is near the hoist and four smaller ones are arranged in an arc to the right. ANTHEM March of the Volunteers. MONETARY UNIT The renminbi, or peoples money, denominated in yuan y, is equivalent to 1. There are coins of 1, 2, and 5 fen, 1, 2, and 5 jiao, and 1 yuan, and notes of 1, 2, and 5 fen, 1, 2, and 5 jiao, and 1, 2, 5, 1. WEIGHTS AND MEASURES The metric system is the legal standard, but some Chinese units remain in common use. HOLIDAYS New Years Day, 1 January Spring Festival Chinese New Year, from the 1st to the 3d day of the first moon of the lunar calendar, usually in February International Womens Day, 8 March May Day, 1 May Army Day, 1 August Teachers Day, 9 September and National Day, 12 October. TIME 8 pm noon GMT. The Peoples Republic of China PRC, the third largest country in the world after the former USSR and Canada and the largest nation in Asia, claims an area of 9,5. Taiwan, which the PRC claims as a province the major administrative divisions, excluding Taiwan and the offshore islands, cover 9,4. Comparatively, the area occupied by China is slightly larger than the United States. If the area of Taiwan is excluded, China is the fourth largest country in the world, after Russia, Canada, and the United States. The mainland has an extension of 4,8. The mainlands 5,7. Yalu River in the northeast to the Gulf of Tonkin in the south, forms a great arc, with the Liaodong and Shandong peninsulas in the north protruding into the Yellow Sea and the Leizhou Peninsula in the south protruding into the South China Sea. Chinas territory includes several large islands, the most important of which is Hainan, off the south coast. Other islands include the reefs and islands of the South China Sea, extending as far as 4 n. These reefs and islands include Dongsha Pratas, to which Taiwan has also laid claim. Chinas claims to the Xisha Paracel and Nansha Spratly archipelagoes are also in dispute. In 1. 98. 6, the United Kingdom agreed to transfer Hong Kong to the PRC in 1. March 1. 98. 7, the PRC and Portugal reached an agreement for the return of Macau to the PRC on 2. December 1. 99. 9. Two Wheeler Repairing Training Courses' title='Two Wheeler Repairing Training Courses' />Play free online games, makeover games, make up games, fashion games, and dress up for girls at dressupgames. PAW PAW Two men drowned Saturday while fishing on Keeler Lake in Van Buren County after their boat capsized, the Michigan State Police Paw Paw Post reported. Daily paper. Local, state, and wire news and commentary. Photo galleries, business and obituaries. Nationally Accredited Continuing Education Courses for Psychologists, Social Workers, Counselors, and Marriage and Family Therapists. Disclaimer and Policies Accessibility Statement Help Home About Us History Organizational Structure Policies Govt. Resolutions Tenders Purchase. China is bordered on the n by Mongolia Mongolian Peoples RepublicMPR and Russia on the ne by the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea DPRK on the e by the Yellow and the East China seas along the southern border are Hong Kong, Macau, the South China Sea, the Gulf of Tonkin, Vietnam, and Laos on the sw by Myanmar, India, Bhutan, and Nepal on the w by India, Jammu and Kashmir disputed areas, Pakistan west of the Karakoram Pass, and Afghanistan and on the nw by Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Kazakhstan. Chinas total boundary length, including the coastline 1. Chinas capital city, Beijing, is located in the northeastern part of the country. China may be divided roughly into a lowland portion in the east, constituting about 2. HbfDTMuQdIw/hqdefault.jpg' alt='Two Wheeler Repairing Training Courses' title='Two Wheeler Repairing Training Courses' />The principal lowlands are the Manchurian Dongbei Plain, drained by the Songhua Sungari River, a tributary of the Amur Heilongjiang, and by the Liao River, which flows to the Yellow Sea the North China Plain, traversed by the lower course of the Yellow Huang He River the valley and delta of the Yangtze Chang Jiang River and the delta of the Pearl Zhu River surrounding Guangzhou Canton. West of these lowlands, the countrys topography rises to plateaus of 1,2. Shanxi and Shaanxi loess plateaus, in central China, and the Mongolian Plateau, in the north. Beyond lie the high plateaus of Tibet, with an average elevation of 4,6. The highest mountains are the Kunluns and the Himalayas. North of Tibet are two plateau basins of Central Asia, the Tarim and the Junggar, which are separated from each other by the Tian Mountains. The Chinese portion of the Tian range, which also extends into the former USSR, rises above 7,0. The great rivers of China flow eastward toward the Pacific. In the northeast, the Amur drains a great part of the Manchurian Basin as it winds along its 4,3. Other north eastern rivers include the Liao, the Tumen, and the Yalu, the last two both rising in Mt. Paaktu, flowing respectively northeast and southwest, and forming the boundary between China and the. DPRK. The main river of north China, and the second largest in the country, is the Yellow River Huang He. From Gansu it winds about 4,6. Shandong Province, where it empties into Bo Hai Gulf of Zhili, or Chihli. The valley of the Yellow River covers an area of 1,5. Central China is drained mainly by the Yangtze and its tributaries. The largest river in China, the Yangtze travels 5,5. As Chinas only long river with no natural outlet, the Huai River, flowing between the Yangtze and the Yellow Huang He and roughly parallel to them, is subject to frequent flooding. To the southwest are the upper courses of the Mekong Lancang and Brahmaputra Yarlung Zangbo rivers. Northern China is in a major earthquake zone with some of the most destructive earthquakes on record. On 2. 8 July 1. 97. Richter scale struck the city of Tangshan 1. Beijing, causing widespread devastation and the deaths of over 6. On 3 February 1. 99. Yunnan causing death for 3. About 3. 58,0. 00 homes were completely destroyed and over 6. On 2. 4 February 2. Southern Xinjiang killed at least 2. It was recorded as the deadliest earthquake of the year worldwide. Although most of China lies within the temperate zone, climate varies greatly with topography. Minimum winter temperatures range from 2. Manchuria to 1c 3. North China Plain and southern Manchuria, 4c 3. Yangtze, and 1. 6c 6. Although summer temperatures are more nearly uniform in southern and central China, with a July mean of about 2. China has a shorter hot period and the nights are much cooler. Rain falls mostly in summer. Precipitation is heaviest in the south and southeast, with Guangzhou receiving more than 2. China, and to less than 1. Approximately 3. 1 of the total land area is classified as arid, 2. Much of Chinas natural vegetation has been replaced or altered by thousands of years of human settlement, but isolated areas still support one of the worlds richest and most varied collections of plants and animals. Nearly every major plant found in the tropical and temperate zones of the northern hemisphere can be found there. In all, more than 7,0. The rare gingko tree, cathaya tree, and metasequoia, long extinct elsewhere, can still be found growing in China. Among flowering plants, 6. China, while 3. 90 of the 4. The tree peony, which originated in Shandong Province, appears in 4. 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